Website Evaluation - CRAAP Test
Use the following criteria to evaluate web resources for credibility.
Currency: the timeliness of the information
- When was the information published or posted ?
- Has the information been revised or updated ?
- Is the information current for your topic ?
- Are the links functional ?
Relevance: the importance of the information for your needs
- Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question ?
- Who is the intended audience ?
- Is the information at an appropriate level (e.g. not too elementary or advanced for your needs) ?
- Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is the one you will use ?
Authority: the source of the information
- Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor ?
- Are the author’s credentials or organizational affiliations given? If yes, what are they ?
- What are the author’s qualifications to write on the topic ?
- Is there contact information, such as a phone number or email address ?
- Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source ? (e.g. com, .edu, .gov, .org)
- Is there an About or About Us section ?
Accuracy: the reliability and truthfulness of the information
- Where does the information come from ?
- Is the information supported by evidence ?
- Has the information been reviewed ?
- Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge ?
- Does the language or tone seem objective or free of emotion ?
- Are there obvious errors (spelling, grammar) ?
Purpose: the reason the information exists
- What is the purpose of the information ? To inform ? Teach ? Sell ? Entertain ? Persuade ?
- Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear ?
- Is the information fact? Opinion? Propaganda ?
- Does the point of view appear objective and impartial ?
- Are there political, cultural, religious, or personal biases ?