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Evaluating Websites

Website Evaluation - CRAAP Test

Use the following criteria to evaluate web resources for credibility.

Currency: the timeliness of the information

  • When was the information published or posted ?
  • Has the information been revised or updated ?
  • Is the information current for your topic ?
  • Are the links functional ?

Relevance: the importance of the information for your needs

  • Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question ?
  • Who is the intended audience ?
  • Is the information at an appropriate level (e.g. not too elementary or advanced for your needs) ?
  • Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is the one you will use ?

Authority: the source of the information

  • Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor ?
  • Are the author’s credentials or organizational affiliations given? If yes, what are they ?
  • What are the author’s qualifications to write on the topic ?
  • Is there contact information, such as a phone number or email address ?
  • Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source ? (e.g. com, .edu, .gov, .org)
  • Is there an About or About Us section ?

Accuracy: the reliability and truthfulness of the information

  • Where does the information come from ?
  • Is the information supported by evidence ?
  • Has the information been reviewed ?
  • Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge ?
  • Does the language or tone seem objective or free of emotion ?
  • Are there obvious errors (spelling, grammar) ?

Purpose: the reason the information exists

  • What is the purpose of the information ? To inform ? Teach ? Sell ? Entertain ? Persuade ?
  • Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear ?
  • Is the information fact? Opinion? Propaganda ?
  • Does the point of view appear objective and impartial ?
  • Are there political, cultural, religious, or personal biases ?